The following is a list of tafsir works. Tafsir is a body of commentary and explication, aimed at explaining the meanings of the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam. Tafsir can broadly be categorized by its affiliated Islamic schools and branches and the era it was published, classic or modern.
Tafseer-e-Ashrafi is a classical Sunni interpretation (tafsir) of the Qur'an, composed first by Mohaddise Azam E Hind and then completed after his death by his spiritual successor and son Syed Mohammed Madni Ashraf in 2008. It is recognized as one of the most popular exegeses of the Qur'an today due to its simple style and its conciseness.It is 10 volume in length, which was translated in Urdu and later in English.
1 CHAPTER III SHEIKH ABDUL QADIR AL-JILANI AND TAFSIR AL-JILANI A. Sheikh Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani and his works 1. Biography of Sheikh Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani Sheikh Abdul Qadir al-jilani was born in the Jailan, which is isolated country in the back of Thabrastan, known as Kail or Kailan. the region then known as Jaili, Gilani, and Kailani in the year 471 H. about her birth date, there are two history say about it, first, he was born on the 1st of Ramadhan 470 H, and the second, he was born on the 2nd of Ramadhan, 470 H coincides with the year 1077 AD 1. This later opinion seems more believable 2. Sheikh Abdul Qadir pedigree comes from the Caliph al-sayyid Ali Morteza ra, with his father over 14 generations and through her mother over 12 generations. Sheikh pedigree from the father line is Sheikh Abdul Qadir bin Abu Salih Musa Janki Dausat ibn Abu Abdillah ibn Yahya al-zahid ibn Muhammad ibn Dawud ibn Musa al-thani ibn Abdullah al-tsani ibn Musa al-jaun bin Abdullah al-mahdhi bin Hasan al-mutsanna ibn Hasan as-sibthi bin Ali bin Abi Talib, the husband of Fatimah Zahra bint Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi Wassalam. 3 And from the mother is Sheikh Abdul Qadir bin Ummul Khair Fatima bint Abdullah al-sum'i al-zahid bin Abu Jamal al-din Muhammad ibn Mahmud ibn Thahir ibn Abul 'Atha Abdullah bin Kamaluddin Isa bin Ala'uddin Muhammad al-jawwad bin Ali Rida bin Abu ibn Musa al-kazim ibn Ja'far al-sadiq ibn 1 Tafsir al-jilani.volume I.page.20 2 MA Cassim Razvi and Siddiq Osman NM.Syekh Abdul Qadir al-jailani Pemimpin Para Wali, Yogyakarta : Pustaka Sufi.page Sayyid Ja far al-barzanji. Al-Lujain al-dani.semarang:toha putra. Page.14. This book contains the history or Manaqib of Sheikh Abdul Qadir, also contains a collection of stories about him Karamah. 39
3 difficulties and concerns over the search for knowledge, but all that does not diminish his enthusiasm for the pursuit of knowledge. Sheik Abdul Qadir has a lot of teachers. The following are the names of his famous teacher; His teachers in the study al-qur'an, There is no reference that says when and on whom he learned the Holy Qur'an, but he have finished studying the Holy Qur'an before he went to Baghdad. Whereas in the field of tafsir, he learned from fiqh and hadith teachers, because beside they well versed scholars in fikih and hadith, also well versed in the knowledge of the Holy Qur'an and tafsir. His teachers in fiqh and fiqh ushul. First, Abu Khaththab Mahfuz bin Ahmad bin Hasan bin Ahmad al-kaludzani Abu Talib al-baghdadi. he was born in 432 AH and died in 510 AH he was a imam belonged Hambali. he expert in hadith and fiqh, both denominations, ushul or debate. Second, Abu Sa'id al-mubarok bin Ali al-makhzumi Sheikh Hanabilah, who learned to al-qadhi Abu Ya'la and build a school named Bab al-azaj. died in the year 513 H. Third, Abu al-wafa 'Ali ibn Aqil bin Abdullah al-baghdadi. Imam Allamah al-bahr, Sheikh Hanabilah, theologians. was born in 431 AH and died in 513 AH 8. His teachers in mysticism, Hammad bin Muslim al-dabbas, a zahid, blind, and can not write, but he had many friends, ahwal and Karamah. he was Sheikh of ma'rifat people in his day. died in the year 525 H. 8 Said bin Musfir Al-Qahthani, Buku Putih Syaikh Abdul Qadir.2005.Jakarta: Darul Falah. Page.20 41
4 Sheikh al-islam Ibn Taymiyyah 9 said about al-gilani and his teacher Hammad in his book, "Sheikh Abdul Qadir and his teacher Hammad ad-dabbas and besides them who straight from the Sheikh ordered, that a salik may not want and may not be willing, but the will of God. he had always directed his deeds to God so that he became a true purpose. His teachers in Hadits, First, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Ahmad al- Baghdadi al-siraj, a good Sheikh, an expert on hadith, he wrote many hadith. He was born in 417 AH and died in 500 AH Second, Abu Ali ibn Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad Bayan al- Baghdadi. He is an expert on hadith sharp hearing. born in 413 AH and died in 510 AH Third, Abu Abdullah Imam Abu Yahya ibn Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Hasan al- Banna Baghdadi al-hanbali. born in 453 AH and died in 531 AH. 10 That was the seventh famous teacher of Sheikh Abdul Qadir, he went to them and they have a big influence in his life. 11 Dzahabi in his book Al-Siyar a'lam al-nubala mentioned a number of people who sit to Sheikh Abdul Qadir and certificated by him. His students was the famous imam. among them are: 9 Ahmad bin Abdul Halim ibn Taymiyya Abdussalam al-harani al-imam Sheikh al-islam. Born in Haran, and moved with his father to Damascus to grow and famous. He was often imprisoned for fatwas to reform Islam, he wrote many books to death in the dungeons of Damascus in the year 728 H. 10 Ibid.page in addition he also learned about manners (adab) to Sheikh Abu Zakariya Yahya Ali al-tibrizi. as found in the book of al-lujain al-dani. In the opening of tafsir al-jilani, there are some scholars who become Sheikh Abdul Qadir teachers in the hadith. include; Abu Ghalib Muhammad ibn Hasan al- Baqilani, Abu Sa'id Muhammad bin Abdul Karim, Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Mudzofar, Abu Talib Abdul Qadir bin Muhammad bin Yusuf, Abu al-barakat ibn al-mubarok Habbatallah, Muhammad Abu Nasr, Abu Ghalib Ahmad, Abu Abdillah Yahya, Abu al-hasan ibn al-mubarok bin al-thuyur. and so on. 42
5 First, Al-Qadi Abu Mahasin Umar ibn Ali ibn al-qurasyi Hadhar, a hafidz al-qur'an, Jurist and an expert in the field of hadith. studying in Damascus, Halb, Hiran, Mosil, Kufa, Baghdad and the Haramain. he died in the year 575 H. Second, Taqiyuddin Abu Muhammad Abdul Ghani bin Abdul Wahid bin Ali bin Surur al-maqdisi, a pious imam, hafidz,. He went to Baghdad with his uncle child Al-Muwaffiq at the beginning of the year 561 H. They lived in Baghdad for 64 years. Their first studied at Sheikh Abdul Qadir al-jilani, and then he died after studied at Sheikh for fifty nights. He was compiled the book Umdatul Ahkam Fi Kalami Khairil Anam. He died in the year 600 H. Third, Muwaffiquddin Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-maqdusi Qadamah, author of al-mughni. He is an imam, Sheikh, Mujtahid, and Sheikh al-islam. the followers of mazhab Hanbali in Damascus. He learned a lot sciences derived from the text and of the mind. come to Baghdad, then stay Sheikh Abdul Qadir for 50 nights, and then he died. He wrote books such as Al-Mughni, al-kafi, al-muqni ', al-' Umdah. Born in the year 541 H. Between those who went to Sheikh Abdul Qadir are His own children. He had forty-nine children, twenty-nine men and the other was women. Many of them are studied and absorbing knowledge from him, later they spread to the cities. Among children who well versed in the knowledge are: First, Abdurrazaq bin Abdl Qadir al-jilani. A Sheikh, the imam, the expert in hadith, Hanabilah, and Zahid. He was born in 528 AH and died in 603 AH. Second, Abdul Wahab bin Abdul Qadir al-jilani. He is the faqih, Hanabilah, and an adviser. Born in the year 522 H and learn in many scholars, among them is his own father. he taught at the school his father as his successor 43
6 during his life and after his death. then step down and be replaced by Ibn al-jauzi. He died in 593 H. 12 Sheikh Abdul Qadir died in Baghdad on Saturday night 8th of Rabiul Awal in 561 H/1165 AD. He was buried in Bab al-azj in Baghdad. He was buried at night because of the many people who want to witness his funeral. Ibn al-najar said: "Sheikh Abdul Qadir died in the Caliph al-mustanjid Billah Abu al-mudzaffar Yusuf ibn al-muqtafa liamrillah Mustadhir bin al-billah al-'abbasi His Teaching and his works Sheikh Abdul Qadir is best known for his understanding of mysticism. he has limited understanding of Sufism by saying: Sufism is believe to al-haq (Allah) and well-behaved to the creatures. Means that Sufism set two primary relationship between man and God with sincerity in worship, and between man and man with good manners and straight morals. Here there are two important cases related to Sufism; First, educate the soul, cleanse it, and brought it to a certain character with a noble traits, such as gracefully, generous, cheerful, earnest, brave, affectionate, and so on. Second, ethical in socialitation with giving the right to the teachers and relations, providing advice and sincere in everything and leave the hostilities Said bin Musfir Al-Qahthani, Buku Putih Syaikh Abdul Qadir.2005.Jakarta: Darul Falah. Page Tafsir al-jilani.volume I.page
7 Sheikh Abdul Qadir also explained that Sufism is built on eight pillars: 1. generous, which is used as an example in this regard is the Prophet Ibrahim. 2. pleasure, which is used as an example in this regard is the Prophet Ishaq ibn Ibrahim. 3. patient, which is used as an example in this regard is Ayyub. 4. Isyarah, he stated that a precedent in this regard is the Prophet zakaria. 5. exile, as an example in this respect is the prophet Yahya bin Zakaria. 6. Sufism, which is used as an example in this regard is the Prophet Musa bin Imran. 7. travel, which is used as an example in this regard is the Prophet Isa ibn Maryam. 8. indigence, no doubt that the people who are in poverty is a need for God. in this case used as an example of the prophet Muhammad. 15 Sheikh Abdul Qadir al-jilani busied himself in giving advice and teaching. He busied himself much in the interests of science and teaching so he had very limited time to write. Although most of his life engaged in a science, mentoring, and teaching, but all that did not deter him to write and wrote a book. He has left a lot of books in various fields of science. In addition to the Tafsir al-jilani that will be 14 Said bin Musfir Al-Qahthani, Buku Putih Syaikh Abdul Qadir.2005.Jakarta: Darul Falah. Page Ibid.page 2b1af7f3a8